Description:This rare silver dinero coin was minted in Barcelona during the rule of Alfonso II. The obverse of this Medieval coin features a Cross Pattée and the reverse shows a Latin legend. The dinero coin was the main currency of the Christian states of Spain from the 10th century onward.
Alfonso II, born in 1157 and called "the Chaste" or "the Troubadour", was the King of Aragon and as Alfons I, was the Count of Barcelona from 1164 until his death in 1196. The eldest son of Count Ramon Berenguer IV of Barcelona and Queen Petronilla of Aragon, he was the first King of Aragon who was also Count of Barcelona, a union that was destined to be permanent. As the Count of Barcelona, Alfons was also the ruler of the historic region of Catalonia.
His reign has been characterized as "the Pyrenean unity": a great scheme to unite various lands on both sides of the Pyrenees Mountains under the rule of the House of Barcelona. During the rule of Alfonso, Aragonese influence north of the Pyrenees reached its zenith, incorporating the counties of Provence, Cerdanya and Roussillon. This proved highly beneficial, strengthening Aragonese trade and stimulating emigration from the north to colonize the newly reconquered lands in Aragon.