Description:This rare coin was minted in the Hellenistic city of Sardes, an ancient city of great importance, located at a strategic road junction in the Hermos Valley, in present day Turkey. This historic city was the capital of the ancient Kingdom of Lydia and in early Christianity was one of the Seven Churches of Asia. In 334 BC, Alexander the Great conquered Sardes liberating this region from the Persians and by 188 BC, Sardes came under the control of the Attalid Dynasty of Pergamon. The Attalids were loyal supporters of Rome, ruling with intelligence and generosity and the Greek cities in this Kingdom maintained a level of independence. When the ruler Attalus III died without an heir in 133 BC, he bequeathed the whole of Pergamon to Rome in order to prevent a civil war. Sardes, now part of the Roman province of Asia, did maintain itsí Greek culture and continued to mint coinage.
The obverse of this coin features the laureate head of Apollo and the reverse shows a club within a laurel wreath. In Greek mythology, Apollo is one of the most important Olympian deities. Apollo, the patron god of archers, was recognized as a god of light and the sun; truth and prophecy; music, poetry, and the arts. He was the son of Zeus and as the patron of Delphi, Apollo was the prophetic deity of the Delphic Oracle. Medicine and healing were associated with Apollo and he was seen as a god who had the ability to cure.