Description:This hand struck denarius coin was minted in Rome by moneyer L. Antestius Gragulus in 136 BC. The obverse of this Roman Republic coin shows the head of Roma wearing a decorated helmet. Roma was a female deity who personified the city of Rome and more broadly, the glory that was the Roman Republic.
In the city of Rome itself, the Romans paid tribute to Roma at the Temple of Venus and Roma. This was the largest temple in the city, located near the Colosseum and dedicated to inaugurate the festival of Romaea in Roma's honor. The temple contained the seated, Hellenised image of Roma - the Palladium in her right hand symbolized Rome's eternity.
In ancient Roman religion, Jupiter was the King of the Gods and the God of sky and thunder. He was the equivalent of Zeus to the Greeks. Beginning in 509 BC, the most important temple in Rome was that of Jupiter on the Capitoline Hill. On the roof was a triumphal chariot drawn by four horses with Jupiter himself as the charioteer, holding a scepter and hurling a thunderbolt, just as he is depicted on this coin. This temple was surrounded by the Area Capitolina, a precinct where certain assemblies met and numerous shrines, altars, statues and victory trophies were displayed.