Description:This silver denarius coin was minted in Rome by moneyer C. Vibius Pansa in 90 BC. The obverse side features Apollo, who in ancient mythology, was seen as the most beautiful god. He was the patron god of archers, the god of light, truth and prophecy; music, poetry, and the arts. Medicine and healing were also associated with Apollo, and he was seen as a god who had the ability to cure.
The Roman worship of Apollo was adopted from the Greeks, and during a period of pestilence in the 430s BC, Apollo's first temple in Rome was built at the Flaminian fields. Over the centuries, Apollo became one of the chief gods of Rome. Caesar Augustus considered himself to be under the special protection of Apollo and was even said to be his son. After the battle of Actium in 31 BC, Augustus erected a new temple to Apollo, dedicated a portion of the spoils to him and instituted annual games in his honor.
Minerva, is shown on the reverse of this coin, driving a galloping quadriga or 4 horse chariot, while holding a spear and a trophy. She was a major Roman deity and was equated with the Greek goddess Athena. Minerva was the virgin goddess of poetry, medicine, wisdom, commerce, weaving, crafts, magic, and the inventor of music. In Rome, Minerva was worshipped on the Capitoline Hill as one of the Capitoline Triad, along with her father Jupiter and queen Juno.