Description:This bronze coin was minted in the Greek city of Syracuse during the rule of Dionysus I, who from 405 - 367 BC, was the Greek tyrant of Syracuse. He conquered several cities in Sicily and southern Italy, opposed Carthage's influence and made Syracuse the most powerful of the western Greek colonies.
Syracuse was founded along the southeast coast of Sicily in 734 BC by Greek settlers from Corinth and the city soon flourished. This powerful city-state became one of the most renowned capitals of Antiquity. Syracuse was well known for its rich Greek culture, amphitheatres and beautiful architecture. The most famous Syracusan was the mathematician and natural philosopher Archimedes, who was born here in 287 BC.
Athena is featured on this coin wearing a Corinthian helmet, with dolphins on each side. She was the goddess of wisdom, peace, warfare, strategy and reason. An armed warrior goddess, Athena appears in Greek mythology as a helper of many heroes, including Odysseus, Jason, and Hercules.
A Hippocamp is shown on the reverse side. This Greek mythological creature is depicted as having the winged upper body of a horse with the lower body of a fish.