Description:In the Classical Greek era, Corinth was a powerful city-state on the Isthmus of Corinth that rivaled Athens and Thebes in wealth. This 4th century BC Corinthian coin features Pegasus, the Greek mythological flying horse, normally depicted as pure white, who first set foot on Earth at Corinth. With the help of Athena, who presented him with a golden bridle, a young Corinthian nobleman named Bellerophon captured Pegasus while he paused to drink from a spring. He then tamed Pegasus so he could ride on its back and defeat both the Chimera and the Amazons, tasks which would otherwise have been impossible for a mortal. Pegasus was also mortal and because of his faithful service, on the last day of his life, Zeus, the king of the gods, transformed him into a constellation.
The reverse side of this ancient coin shows Athena, wearing a Corinthian helmet, with a dove flying within a wreath behind her. Athena was the Greek goddess of wisdom, peace, warfare, strategy and reason. An armed warrior goddess, Athena appears in Greek mythology as a helper of many heroes, including Odysseus, Jason and Hercules. In Classical Greek myths she never consorts with a lover, earning the title Athena Parthenos "Athena the Virgin", hence the name of her most famous temple, the Parthenon on the Acropolis in Athens.