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Item #4027
$440.00
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  • Obverse: Poseidon
  • Reverse: Trident and Dolphins
  • Date: 214 - 212 BC. Grade: Very Fine
  • Mint: Syracuse, Sicily
  • Bronze Coin in 14k White Gold Pendant, Weight 3.3g
  • Framed Coin Size: (Small) 15.5mm Diameter, with 3mm Bail Opening for Necklace
  • Size Chart with mm to inches Conversions

Description:

This ancient coin was minted in the historic Greek city of Syracuse. In 734 BC, Greek settlers from Corinth founded Syracuse along the southeast coast of Sicily and the city soon flourished. Syracuse became one of the most renowned capitals of Antiquity, famous for its rich Greek culture, amphitheatres and beautiful architecture.
In 214 BC, the alliance between Syracuse and Rome collapsed and the Romans began the epic blockade and Siege of Syracuse. Aided by the amazing inventions of Archimedes, the greatest mathematician of antiquity, the city held out for three years with the Syracusians repelling the Romans. However, in 212 BC, Syracuse finally fell to the overpowering Roman forces and Archimedes was killed.
This Syracuse coin features the head of Poseidon wearing a tainia. In Greek mythology, Poseidon was the God of the sea and storms as well as the "Earth-Shaker" of earthquakes. Known as Neptune by the Romans, he was a major Olympian God and the brother of Zeus and Hades. Sailors believed Poseidon created new islands and they would pray for him to allow calm seas and a safe voyage. If offended or ignored, Poseidon would strike the ground with his trident and cause chaotic springs, earthquakes, drownings and shipwrecks. The reverse of this coin shows an ornamented trident with dolphins on each side.