Description:This silver denarius coin was minted in Rome by moneyer C. Cassius in 126 BC. The obverse of this Roman Republic coin shows the head of Roma wearing a decorated winged helmet. In traditional Roman religion, Roma was a female deity who personified the city of Rome and more broadly, the glory that was the Roman Republic. In the city of Rome itself, the Romans paid tribute to Roma at the Temple of Venus and Roma. This was the largest temple in the city, located near the Colosseum and dedicated to inaugurate the festival of Romaea in Roma's honor. The temple contained the seated, Hellenised image of Roma - the Palladium in her right hand symbolized Rome's eternity. Her image also appears on the base of the column of Antoninus Pius which can still be seen today in Rome.
On the reverse of this coin, Libertas is depicted driving a galloping 4 horse chariot known as a quadriga. Libertas, the Roman goddess and embodiment of Liberty, is shown holding a pileus hat and a rod called a vindicta. Slaves were freed in a ceremony in which a praetor touched the slave with a vindicta and pronounced him to be free. The slave's head was shaved and a pileus was placed upon it. Both the vindicta and the cap were considered symbols of Liberty. Libertas has served as the inspiration for many modern-day symbols, including the Statue of Liberty in New York.