Description:This Greek bronze coin was minted following the great victory in the Second Macedonian War in 200 – 197 BC, of the Roman General Flamininus over Philip V of Macedon. Rome was allied with Pergamon and Rhodos, and the defeated Philip V was forced to abandon all his possessions in Greece, including Thrace and Asia Minor. This victory freed the Greeks, who celebrated by issuing their new autonomous coinage. This coin was minted in the city of Phalanna, which was located along the Peneius river in the region of Thessaly in central Greece.
The obverse side of this 2nd century BC bronze coin, shows the head of Zeus crowned with oak leaves. In Greek mythology, Zeus oversaw the universe and was the "Father of gods and men." He ruled as king of the gods on Mount Olympus and as god of the sky and thunder with the power to hurl lightning bolts as a weapon. Known for his escapades, Zeus fathered many godly and heroic children including Aphrodite, Athena, Apollo, Artemis, Hermes, Persephone, Dionysus, Perseus and Hercules.
The reverse side shows Hera seated on a throne while holding a scepter. Hera was the goddess of women and marriage. She was married to Zeus and was worshiped as the Queen of Heaven. One of her characteristics was her jealousy and vengeful nature against Zeus' other lovers and offspring, along with the mortals who crossed her.