Description:This Alexander the Great coin was minted during his lifetime in the historic city of Tyre in Southern Phoenicia, which is in present day Lebanon. In 332 BC, Tyre was an island under Persian control, when Alexander laid siege to it by building a long stone causeway to the city from the mainland. The tallest siege towers ever used in the history of war were moved via this man-made land bridge to overcome the walls and conquer Tyre.
Born in 356 BC, Alexander was tutored by Aristotle until the age of 16. He succeeded his murdered father, King Philip II, in 336 BC and Alexander became one of the most successful military commanders of all time, undefeated in battle. By the time of his death in 323 BC, Alexander had overthrown the Persian King Darius III and conquered the entirety of his empire. Alexander's own empire stretched from the Adriatic Sea to Egypt and as far east as the Indus River in India. His legacy lived on long after him, ushering in centuries of Greek settlement and Hellenistic culture over distant areas.
The obverse of this coin shows the Greek hero Hercules wearing a lionís skin of armor. This was important to Alexander's hereditary line, as he claimed to be descended from the mythological hero. The reverse shows Zeus, the king of the Greek gods, seated on a throne and holding an eagle. Zeus was the most powerful of all the Greek gods and his appearance on Alexander's coinage symbolized Alexander's status as leader of all the Greeks.