Description:This silver denarius coin was minted in Rome by moneyer C. Curiatius Trigeminus in 142 BC. The obverse of this Roman Republic coin shows the head of Roma wearing a decorated winged helmet. In traditional Roman religion, Roma was a female deity who personified the city of Rome and more broadly, the glory that was the Roman Republic. In the city of Rome itself, the Romans paid tribute to Roma at the Temple of Venus and Roma. This was the largest temple in the city, located near the Colosseum and dedicated to inaugurate the festival of Romaea in Roma's honor. The temple contained the seated, Hellenised image of Roma - the Palladium in her right-hand symbolized Rome's eternity. Her image also appears on the base of the column of Antoninus Pius, which can still be seen today in Rome.
The reverse of this coin shows Juno wearing a diadem and driving a four-horse chariot, known as a quadriga, while she is being crowned with a wreath by Victoria, the goddess of victory. In ancient Roman religion, Juno was the queen of the gods. As the “Protector”, she guarded over the finances of the empire and had a temple in Rome, which was also the mint. Juno was the patroness of marriage and many people believe that the most favorable time to marry is in June, named after her.
The Roman Republic introduced the denarius coin in circa 211 BC. It soon became the principal denomination in the Roman Republic monetary system and was the equivalent of around 2 days pay for a Roman Soldier.