Description:This coin was minted during the rule of Caesar Augustus in the city of Ercavica, located in the central Roman region of Hispania, which is modern-day Spain. The Augustan period saw the transformation of Ercavica with the construction of sophisticated buildings such as a forum, basilica and temples. The obverse side of this coin features the head of Augustus, with the legend AVGVSTVS DIVI F, which translates to “Augustus Son of the Divine.” The reverse shows a bull with the legend MVN. ERCAVICA “Municeps Ercavica.” In 26 BC, Augustus had relocated to Hispania to oversee the final Roman conquest of this territory over the Celtic tribes and in 19 BC, the Romans finally prevailed.
Caesar Augustus was the first emperor of the Roman Empire from 27 BC, until his death in 14 AD. Augustus is remembered as Rome's greatest emperor. His great power stemmed from the loyalty of the military, the respect of the people and large financial resources. This eliminated any opposition from the Senate and the Roman Republic soon became the Roman Empire. Augustus enlarged the Empire dramatically, reformed the tax system, built roads with a courier system, established a standing army and created police and fire-fighting services for Rome. Much of the city was rebuilt under Augustus. Upon his death in AD 14, Augustus was declared a god by the Senate, to be worshipped by the Romans. His names Augustus and Caesar were adopted by every subsequent emperor and the month of August was named in his honor.