Description:This coin was minted in the historic Greek city of Syracuse under the rule of King Hieron II and during the lifetime of the most famous Syracusan, the mathematician and natural philosopher Archimedes. Syracuse was founded along the southeast coast of Sicily in 734 BC by Greek settlers from Corinth. Over the centuries, Syracuse became one of the most renowned capitals of antiquity, famous for its rich Greek culture, amphitheatres and beautiful architecture.
This coin features the goddess Persephone, who was the daughter of Zeus and Demeter, the harvest goddess, who controlled the seasons. In the famous Greek myth, Persephone became the queen of the underworld when Hades abducted her from the Earth and brought her into the underworld. Life came to a standstill, as the depressed Demeter searched the Earth night and day for her lost daughter. Finally, Zeus could not put up with the dying Earth and forced Hades to return Persephone. But before she was released, Hades tricked Persephone into eating a number of pomegranate seeds, the food of the underworld. This forced Persephone to return to Hades for four months each year, corresponding with the winter months on Earth.
The reverse depicts Pegasus, the mythological flying horse, who first set foot on Earth at Corinth. With the help of Athena, who presented him with a golden bridle, a young Corinthian nobleman named Bellerophon captured Pegasus while he paused to drink from a spring. He then tamed Pegasus so he could ride on its back and defeat both the Chimera and the Amazons.