Description:The Greek city of Akragas, located in modern day Sicily, was founded in 582 BC. The city grew rapidly, becoming one of the richest and most important of the Greek colonies of Magna Graecia. The Greek Archaic period began with the introduction of coinage to the Greek World in about 600 BC and lasted until the Persian Wars, around 480 BC. The Akragas Crab coins are among the finest examples of Greek coinage from this early time period.
The obverse side of this coin depicts a Crab, which was an ancient symbol of the river god Akragas, whom the city was named after. The reverse side shows a Sea Eagle, which in Greek Mythology was the sacred bird of Zeus, the king of the gods.
The Romans eventually captured Akragas in 210 and renamed it Agrigentum, although it remained a largely Greek-speaking community for centuries thereafter. The remains of the ancient city, such as the Temple of Concordia, the Temple of Zeus, the Temple of Heracles and "Juno Lacinia", are all dated back to the 5th century BC. Akragas is also the birthplace of the Greek philosopher and politician Empedocles, who according to a legend died by jumping into the active volcano, Mount Etna.