Description:In classical times the Romans began adopting many of the Greek gods which were very similar with the same attributions as the Greek gods. Apollo, depicted on the obverse of this hand struck coin, was the patron god of archers, the god of light, truth and prophecy; music, poetry, and the arts. As the patron of Delphi, Apollo was the prophetic deity of the Delphic Oracle. Medicine and healing were also associated with Apollo and he was seen as a god who had the ability to cure.
During a period of pestilence in the 430s BC, Apollo's first temple at Rome was built in the Flaminian fields. During the Second Punic War in 212 BC, the Romans instituted the "Apollonian Games" in his honor. Over the centuries Apollo became one of the chief gods of Rome and after the battle of Actium in 31 BC; Augustus erected a new temple to Apollo, dedicated a portion of the spoils to him and instituted annual games in his honor. The reverse of this coin shows a Roman warrior on horseback brandishing a spear. The silver denarius was introduced in the 3rd century BC and it became the principal denomination in the Roman world until the middle of the third century AD and one denarius was around two days' pay for a Legionnaire.