Description:This 5th century BC coin was minted in the Greek city of Trikka, which was founded around the 3rd millennium BC in the Thessaly region of central Greece. This ancient city was built at a defensive location in between the local hill and the river Lithaios and the city was named after the daughter of the river-god Peneios. Trikka became a prosperous and important center in antiquity and was the birthplace and main residence of Asclepius, the Greek god of medicine and healing. The city boasted one of the most important and ancient of all Asclepius' temples, Asclepieia. Trikka is also mentioned in Homer's Iliad as having participated in the Trojan War with thirty ships under Asclepius' sons, Machaon and Podalirius.
The reverse side of this coin depicts a young Thessalos (Thessalian), nude except for a cloak and petasos cap. He has leaped from his horse to grab a bull by its horns to wrestle it to the ground. This was a common sport for the young men of Thessaly during religious games. The obverse of this coin proudly shows the forepart of one of their celebrated horses running free after the Thessalos has jumped from it.
Thessalians were well known in ancient times for horse-rearing. In 355 BC, Alexander the Great's famous horse, Bucephalus, was born in Thessaly and when Alexander set out to conquer the Persian Empire, he was sure to include the worlds finest cavalry from Thessaly in his army.