Description:This Roman Republic denarius coin was minted by moneyer Mn Fonteius Cf in 85 BC. The obverse shows the Roman God Apollo with his hair bound with tainia and a thunderbolt below. In ancient mythology, Apollo was the patron God of archers, the God of light, truth and prophecy; music, poetry and the arts. Medicine and healing were also associated with Apollo and he was seen as a God who had the ability to cure. During a period of pestilence in the 430s BC, Apollo's first temple at Rome was built in the Flaminian fields. Over the centuries Apollo became one of the chief Gods of Rome and after the battle of Actium in 31 BC; Augustus erected a new temple to Apollo, dedicated a portion of the spoils to him and instituted annual games in his honor.
The reverse of this coin features the winged Cupid riding a goat. The caps of the Dioscuri are above him with the thyrsus of Bacchus below, all within a laurel wreath. Cupid was the God of desire, erotic love, attraction and affection. He was the son of the Goddess Venus and Cupid was equivalent to the Greek God Eros. Cupid's bow and arrow served as his source of power. Any person, or even a deity, who is shot by Cupid's arrow was filled with uncontrollable desire.