Description:This coin features the first hero of ancient Greek Mythology Perseus, wearing a phrygian helmet. The legendary exploits of Perseus defeating various monsters was a basis for the founding myths of the 12 Olympian Gods. Perseus is most famous for killing the gorgon Medusa, who's glance would turn persons to stone. Pegasus, the winged divine horse (shown on the reverse drinking from a spring), was born and sprang from the blood of Medusa's neck as Perseus was beheading her. Perseus later saved the beautiful Andromeda, who was chained to a rock, from an approaching sea monster sent by Poseidon. The great Greek hero slayed the monster and then claimed Andromeda in marriage.
This coin was hand struck in the city of Amisus in the ancient Greek Kingdom of Pontus. Amisus was founded in the 6th century BC, along the Black Sea Coast in present day Turkey. It was re-settled by the Athenians a century later and became a flourishing city on a major trade route. The ruler of Pontus at the time of the minting of this coin was Mithridates VI. He ruled for 57 years and was seen as the protector of Greek cities and culture along the Black Sea and in Asia. As the last great Hellenistic ruler, Mithridates VI was brought down only after repeated wars with the Roman Republic.