Description:The ancient city of Kyzikos was founded by the Greek settlers of Miletos in 756 BC. Kyzikos was situated on the island of Arktonnesos in present day Northwestern Turkey. With its' advantageous location, the city became very prosperous in the 5th century BC and was a center of great commercial importance. During the Peloponnesian War (431–404 BC) Kyzikos was subject to the Athenians. In the naval Battle of Kyzikos in 410 BC, an Athenian fleet routed and completely destroyed a Spartan fleet. At the peace of Antalcidas in 387 BC, like the other Greek cities in Asia, it was made over to Persia. Alexander the Great later captured it from the Persians in 334 BC, during which he built the land bridge connecting the island to the mainland.
The obverse of this 5th century BC coin from Kyzikos, features the head of a roaring lion. The lion was not indigenous to Greek lands, however the lion was still a popular beast renowned for its power and hunting prowess. Lions had been depicted in Greek art for centuries before coins were minted. The reverse side of this coin shows the forepart of a boar with a tunny fish to the right.