Description:This Alexander the Great coin was minted during his lifetime in the ancient city of Byblos, which is located in present day Lebanon. Byblos is one of the oldest cities in history, first settled in the 9th century BC. In November 333 BC, Alexander led his Macedonian troops against King Darius and the Persians in the Battle of Issos. This was the second great battle of Alexander's conquest of Asia and the Battle of Issos was a decisive Macedonian victory. In 332 BC, Alexander entered the city of Byblos in triumph.
By the time of his death, Alexander had overthrown the Persian King Darius III and conquered the entirety of his Empire. Alexander's own Empire in 323 BC, stretched from the Adriatic Sea to Egypt and as far east as the Indus River in India. His legacy lived on long after him, ushering in centuries of Greek settlement and Hellenistic culture over distant areas.
The obverse of this coin, shows the Greek hero Hercules wearing a lionís skin of armor. This was important to Alexander's hereditary line as he claimed to be descended from the mythological hero. The reverse shows Zeus, the King of the Greek Gods, seated on a throne. Zeus was the most powerful of all the Greek Gods and his appearance on Alexander's coinage symbolizes Alexander's status as leader of all the Greeks.