Description:This coin featuring Ares was minted in the city of Amisus, located in the ancient Greek Kingdom of Pontus. Amisus was founded in the 6th century BC along the Black Sea Coast in present day Turkey. It was re-settled by the Athenians a century later and became a flourishing city on a major trade route. The ruler of Pontus at the time of the minting of this coin was Mithridates VI. He ruled for 57 years and was seen as the protector of Greek cities and culture along the Black Sea and in Asia. As the last great Hellenistic ruler, Mithridates VI was brought down only after repeated wars with the Roman Republic.
Ares, shown on the obverse of this coin wearing a crested helmet, was the Greek God of War. He was one of the Twelve Olympians and the son of Zeus and Hera. In Greek literature, he embodied the physical valor necessary for success in war, although he was known as a dangerous force. Ares was the well known lover of the most beautiful Goddess Aphrodite. Two of his son's with Aphrodite, Fear (Phobos) and Terror (Deimos) would accompany Ares on his battle chariot. The counterpart of Ares among the Roman Gods is Mars, who was revered as a father of the Roman people.