Description:These ancient Greek Alexander the Great coins were minted in the in the cities of Abydos (shown right) and Kolophon (shown left). Both cities were located near the Aegean Sea in present day Western Turkey. In 334 BC, Greek Asia Minor was under Persian control when Alexander threw a spear to Abydos, while crossing the strait and claimed Asia as his own. Alexander then defeated the Persian forces at the Battle of the Granicus and marched his army south along the coast, liberating this Greek region.
By the time of his death, Alexander had overthrown the Persian King Darius III and conquered the entirety of this Empire. Alexander's own Empire in 323 BC, stretched from the Adriatic Sea, to Egypt and as far east as the Indus River in India. His legacy lived on long after him, ushering in centuries of Greek settlement and Hellenistic culture over distant areas.
The obverse of these coins, show the Greek hero Hercules wearing a lionís skin of armor. This was important to Alexander's hereditary line as he claimed to be descended from the mythological hero. The reverse shows Zeus, the King of the Greek Gods, seated on a throne. Zeus was the most powerful of all the Greek Gods and his appearance on Alexander's coinage symbolizes Alexander's status as leader of all the Greeks.