Description:This ancient coin was minted in the historic Greek city of Syracuse. In 734 BC, Greek settlers from Corinth founded Syracuse along the southeast coast of Sicily and the city soon flourished. This powerful city-state was well known for its rich Greek culture, amphitheatres and beautiful architecture. The most famous Syracusan was the mathematician and natural philosopher Archimedes, who was born here in 287 BC.
The Siege of Syracuse in 278 BC, was the last attempt by Carthage to conquer the city of Syracuse. With the assistance of King Pyrrhus of Epirus, the Carthaginians retreated and the city enjoyed a long period of peace and prosperity until Syracuse fell to the Romans in 212 BC.
The obverse of this coin features the laureate head of Apollo, who in Greek mythology was one of the most important Olympian deities. Apollo, the patron god of archers, was recognized as a god of light and the sun; truth and prophecy; music, poetry, and the arts. He was the son of Zeus and as the patron of Delphi, Apollo was the prophetic deity of the Delphic Oracle. Medicine and healing were associated with Apollo and he was seen as a god who had the ability to cure. The reverse of this coin shows and eagle on a winged thunderbolt, which were 2 symbols of Zeus, the king of the Greek gods.