Description:This coin was minted in the city of Apamea, which was located in present day Northwestern Syria, just 50 miles south of Antioch. This region was under Persian control until Alexander the Great defeated the Persians in the Battle of Issus in 333 BC. After the death of Alexander, this Greek land became the Seleucid Empire, ruled and named after one of Alexander's generals. In 300 BC, Seleucus fortified and enlarged the city of Pharmake. He then re-named it Apamea after his wife, and it became a treasure city for the Seleucid Kings until Apamea was finally annexed by Rome.
The head of Zeus, the most powerful Greek god, is crowned with oak leaves and is seen on the obverse. In Greek mythology, Zeus is the King of the gods, the ruler of Mount Olympus and the god of the sky and thunder. His symbols are the thunderbolt, eagle, bull and oak.
The cult statue of Artemis is shown on the reverse of this coin. She was the daughter of Zeus and the twin sister of Apollo and as an Olympian Goddess, Artemis was one of the most widely admired and worshiped of all the Ancient Greek deities. Artemis was the goddess of hunting which encompassed all wildlife and Orion was her favorite hunting companion. She was also the goddess of all women, with a particular focus on childbirth. In the city of Ephesus, she was worshipped at the Temple of Artemis which was one of world's seven wonders.