Description:In the Classical Greek era, Corinth was a powerful city-state on the Isthmus of Corinth that rivaled Athens and Thebes in wealth. This 4th century BC Corinthian coin depicts Pegasus, the Greek mythological flying horse. Pegasus first set foot on Earth at Corinth. With the help of Athena, who presented him with a golden bridle, a young Corinthian nobleman named Bellerophon captured Pegasus while he paused to drink from a spring. He then tamed Pegasus so he could ride on itsí back and defeat both the Chimera and the Amazons, tasks which would otherwise have been impossible for a mortal. Pegasus was also mortal and because of his faithful service to Zeus, on the last day of his life, Zeus transformed him into a constellation.
Athena, wearing a wreathed Corinthian helmet, is shown on the reverse of this coin with a galley prow in the right background. Athena was the Greek Goddess of wisdom, peace, warfare, strategy and reason. An armed warrior Goddess, Athena appears in Greek mythology as a helper of many heroes, including Odysseus, Jason, and Hercules. In Classical Greek myths she never consorts with a lover, earning the title Athena Parthenos "Athena the Virgin", hence the name of her most famous temple, the Parthenon on the Acropolis in Athens.