Description:The Roman denarius coin was introduced in 211 BC and was the principal denomination in the Roman monetary system for 5 centuries. The obverse of this denarius depicts Apollo as a young man wearing a diadem crown. Apollo was the Roman patron God of archers, the God of light, truth and prophecy; music, poetry and the arts. As the patron of Delphi, Apollo was the prophetic deity of the Delphic Oracle. Medicine and healing were also associated with Apollo and he was seen as a God who had the ability to cure. During a period of pestilence in the 430s BC, Apollo's first temple at Rome was built in the Flaminian fields. Over the centuries, Apollo became one of the chief Gods of Rome and after the battle of Actium in 31 BC, Augustus erected a new temple to Apollo.
The reverse of this coin shows a the nude satyr Marsyas, holding a wineskin over his shoulder. Marsyas's statue in the Roman Forum stood for at least 300 years and was regarded as a symbol of liberty. This coin, minted by moneyer Lucius Marcius Censorinus in 82 BC, may have been political, as Rome at this time was experiencing a period of political upheaval connected to the Social Wars. Apollo was seen as a symbol of harmony and Marsyas was regarded as a symbol of political freedom, particularly free speech.