Description:In AD 324, twelve years after legalizing Christianity, the Roman Emperor Constantine The Great transferred his capital to Byzantium, which became Constantinople "New Rome". The Eastern Roman Empire was also known as the Byzantine Empire during the Middle Ages, centered on the capital of Constantinople and ruled by Emperors in direct succession to the ancient Roman Emperors. In the 6th century, Justinian I created the authority of the Eastern Orthodox Church which firmly established Christianity throughout the Empire. As a cradle of Christianity, the Empire helped to shield Europe from Muslim expansion. They also preserved much of the literary works and scientific knowledge of ancient Greece, Rome and many other cultures.
The obverse of this Byzantine coin shows the portrait of Jesus Christ Pantokrator “Christ in Majesty”, holding the book of gospels, with a star to each side of him. The reverse shows Emperor Michael VII standing while holding a labarum and a globus cruciger, which were Christian symbols of authority during the Medieval Period. Michael VII was the Byzantine Emperor from 1071 until he resigned the throne in 1078. He retired into the Monastery of Stoudios and later became Metropolitan Archbishop of Ephesus.