Description:Syracuse was founded along the southeast coast of Sicily in 734 BC, by Greek settlers from Corinth and the city soon flourished becoming one of the most renowned capitals of Antiquity. This powerful city-state was well known for its rich Greek culture, amphitheatres and beautiful architecture. This ancient coin was minted in the Greek city of Syracuse during the rule of Agathocles, who from 317 - 289 BC, was the Greek tyrant of Syracuse and King of Sicily. With his army of mercenaries, Agathocles seized power in 317 BC and much of his rule was consumed with war against Carthage.
This 4th century BC coin depicts Pegasus, the Greek mythological flying horse. Pegasus first set foot on Earth at Corinth. With the help of Athena, who presented him with a golden bridle, a young Corinthian nobleman named Bellerophon captured Pegasus while he paused to drink from a spring. He then tamed Pegasus so he could ride on itsí back and defeat both the Chimera and the Amazons, tasks which would otherwise have been impossible for a mortal.
The reverse shows the head of Apollo. In Greek mythology, Apollo the patron God of archers, was recognized as the God of light and the sun; truth and prophecy; music, poetry and the arts. He was the son of Zeus and as the patron of Delphi, Apollo was the prophetic deity of the Delphic Oracle. Medicine and healing were associated with Apollo and he was seen as a God who had the ability to cure.