Description:This coin was minted during the rule of Lysimachos, about 30 years after the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC. A former bodyguard to Alexander, Lysimachos rose to great power (323 – 281 BC) and controlled a large territory in Thrace and Asia Minor. To show he was the lawful heir of Alexander, Lysimachos minted the most beautiful coins depicting Alexander, the world’s greatest conqueror. This coin was hand struck in the an ancient Greek city of Abydos, a city of great importance, located on the shores of the Hellespont in present day western Turkey.
Alexander, depicted on this coin wearing the Horn of Ammon, was only 20 years old when he succeeded his murdered father Philip II as King. One of the most successful military commanders of all time, it is presumed that Alexander was undefeated in battle. He conquered the entire Persian Empire, including Egypt and as far east as Northern India. His legacy lived on long after him, ushering in centuries of Greek settlement and Hellenistic culture over distant areas.
Athena, an armed warrior Goddess, is depicted on the reverse, seated with spear and shield, while holding Nike the “Goddess of victory” in her right hand. Athena was worshiped as the Goddess of wisdom, peace, warfare, strategy, handicrafts and reason. She was known to be a shrewd companion of heroes including Odysseus, Jason, and Hercules.