Description:This ancient coin was minted in Panticapaeum, a Greek city located on the present day eastern shore of Crimea, which the Greeks called Taurica. The city was founded by Milesians in the 7th century BC. Panticapaeum began minting silver coins in the 5th century BC and gold and bronze coins in the 4th century BC. During the 5th–4th centuries BC, the city became the residence of the dynasties of Thracian Kings of Bosporus.
This coin features Pan, who is the Greek mythological companion of the nymphs, god of shepherds and flocks, of mountain wilds, hunting and rustic music. The ancient Greeks also considered Pan to be the god of theatrical criticism. His name originates from the word paein, meaning "to pasture" and he has the hindquarters, tail and horns of a goat. Pan enjoyed playing his Syrinx flute of seven pipes and is often in the company of Dionysus, the God of wine and ecstasy.
With his homeland in rustic Arcadia, he is recognized as the god of fields, groves, and wooded glens. Because of this, Pan is connected to fertility and the season of spring. When accidentally awakened from his noontime nap he could give a great shout that would cause flocks to stampede and this “sudden fear” is the origin of the word "panic". The reverse of this coin shows the forepart of a bull, also known as Taurus, which was a symbol of Zeus, the King of the ancient Greek Gods.