Description:In ancient Roman religion, Jupiter and Juno were king and queen of the gods. Together they ruled over laws and social order. Juno could also throw lightning bolts like Jupiter and her Greek equivalent was the goddess Hera. Juno was called Regina "Queen" and she is depicted on this coin wearing a goat-skin cloak, which was a popular headdress for Roman soldiers on campaign. As “the Protector”, she guarded over the finances of the Empire and had a temple in Rome, which was also the mint. Juno was said to watch over the women of Rome and as the patroness of marriage, many people believe the most favorable time to marry is in June, named after her.
Beginning in 509 BC, the largest temple in Rome was that of Jupiter on the Capitoline Hill. Here, Romans worshipped him alongside Juno and their daughter Minerva. Temples to Jupiter and Juno were commonly built by the Romans at the center of new cities in their colonies. Jupiter and Juno remained Rome's “King & Queen of the Gods” until the era of Christianity.
This hand struck denarius coin was minted in Rome by moneyer L. Thorius Balbus in 105 BC. The Roman Republic introduced the denarius coin in 211 BC. It became the principal denomination in the Roman world until the middle of the third century A.D and one denarius was around two days pay for a Legionnaire.