Description:This gold coin was minted during the reign of Charles VI, who was crowned the King of France at age eleven and ruled from 1380 to 1422, as a member of the House of Valois. The obverse side shows a Cross Fleurée with the legend XPS VINCIT XPC RЄGNAT XPC IMPERAT, “ Christ overcomes, Christ reigns, Christ commands.” The reverse depicts a crowned royal shield with 3 fleur-de-lis within and the legend KAROLVS DEI GRACIA FRANCORVM REX “Charles, by the grace of God, King of the Franks.”
Charles VI, was known both as Charles the Beloved and later as Charles the Mad, since beginning in his mid-twenties he experienced bouts of psychosis. In 1415, Henry V of England led an invasion into France, culminating with the Battle of Agincourt. Five years later, Charles signed the Treaty of Troyes, naming Henry as his sole heir, disinheriting his son, the dauphin (later Charles VII). Charles VI married his daughter to Henry and she bore him a son – Henry VI, the only English King to be de facto king of France.
When Charles VI died in 1422, both his grandson, the one-year-old Henry VI of England, and his son Charles VII, were proclaimed King of France. It was the latter who became the actual ruler with the support of Joan of Arc who led the French forces at Orléans, forcing the English to lift the siege and thus turning the tide of the war.