Description:On the northern coast of Greece by the Aegean Sea, lies Maroneia, an ancient Greek city in the province of Thrace. Thrace was bordered by Macedonia on the west and waterways connecting the Black Sea and Aegean Sea on the east. Maroneia was named after Maron, a priest of Apollo, who encountered Ulysses in the “Odyssey”. Greek Galleys from throughout the Mediterranean visited Thrace because of its great wealth in minerals and agricultural products. Maroneia was also well known for the fine quality of its wine and horse breeding was equally important here. This prolific region was also a large exporter of gold and silver, both mined in the nearby Thracian mountains.
These bronze coins, actually made with a brass alloy, were among the earliest minted in the Greek world. They continued as prominent currency until the reign of Philip II of Macedonia, who absorbed Thrace into his Kingdom in the 340’s BC. The obverse of this coin shows a spirited, prancing horse. Vines with full branches of grapes surrounded by a square appear on the reverse. The citizens of Maroneia were obviously proud of their commerce and displayed it prominently on their coinage.