Description:This Roman Republic silver denarius was minted in Rome by moneyer C. Calpurnius Piso L.f. Frugi in 61 BC. The head of Apollo is depicted on the obverse side of this coin with his hair bound with tainia. The reverse side shows a nude Roman horseman galloping while holding a palm frond and the reins. The silver denarius coin was introduced in 211 BC. It became the principal denomination in the Roman world until the middle of the third century AD and one denarius was around two days' pay for a Legionnaire.
In ancient mythology, Apollo was the patron God of archers, the God of light, truth and prophecy; music, poetry, and the arts. Medicine and healing were also associated with Apollo and he was seen as a God who had the ability to cure. During a period of pestilence in the 430s BC, Apollo's first temple at Rome was built in the Flaminian fields. During the Second Punic War in 212 BC, the Romans instituted the "Apollonian Games" in his honor. Over the centuries, Apollo became one of the chief Gods of Rome and after the Battle of Actium in 31 BC, Augustus erected a new temple to Apollo, dedicated a portion of the spoils to him and instituted annual games in his honor.