Description:The silver denarius coin was first introduced as currency in the 3rd century BC. It became the principal denomination in the Roman World for the next 5 centuries and one denarius was around two days' pay for a Legionnaire. This silver denarius coin, minted in Rome by moneyer C. Licinius L.F. Macer in 84 BC, features the Roman god Apollo hurling a thunderbolt.
Apollo was the patron god of archers, the god of light, truth and prophecy; music, poetry, and the arts. Medicine and healing were also associated with Apollo and he was seen as a god who had the ability to cure. During a period of pestilence in the 430s BC, Apollo's first temple at Rome was built in the Flaminian fields. Over the centuries Apollo became one of the chief gods of Rome. After the battle of Actium in 31 BC, Augustus erected a new temple to Apollo, dedicated a portion of the spoils to him and instituted annual games in his honor.
Minerva, is shown on the reverse of this coin, driving a galloping quadriga or 4 horse chariot, while holding a spear and shield. She was a major Roman deity and was equated with the Greek goddess Athena. Minerva was the virgin goddess of poetry, medicine, wisdom, commerce, weaving, crafts, magic, and the inventor of music. In Rome, Minerva was worshipped on the Capitoline Hill as one of the Capitoline Triad, along with her father Jupiter and Juno.