Description:This coin was minted in the ancient Hellenistic city of Pergamon, which was located near the Aegean Sea, in modern-day Western Turkey. In 334 BC, Alexander the Great attacked and defeated the Persian forces at the Battle of the Granicus and then marched his army south along the Aegean coast, liberating this region from the Persians. During the 3rd Century BC, Pergamon prospered and became one of the great cultural centers of the Greek World.
The obverse of this coin features the greatest of all the Greek hero Hercules, wearing the impenetrable pelt of the Nemean Lion. He was the son of Zeus and worshiped by the ancient Greeks for the stories of his extraordinary strength, courage, and ingenuity. Heracles was best known for accomplishing the 12 Labours which included killing the Nemean Lion, destroying the Hydra and capturing the Cretan Bull.
The reverse side depicts a statue of Athena, standing and facing, while holding a spear and shield. Athena was revered to the people of ancient Greece as the goddess of wisdom, peace, warfare strategy, and reason. An armed warrior goddess, Athena appears in Greek mythology as a helper of many heroes, including Odysseus, Jason, and Hercules.