Description:This ancient coin was minted in the great historic Greek city of Syracuse. Syracuse was founded along the southeast coast of Sicily in 734 BC by Greek settlers from Corinth and the city soon flourished. Syracuse became one of the most renowned capitals of Antiquity. This powerful city-state was well known for its rich Greek culture, amphitheatres and beautiful architecture. The most famous Syracusan was the mathematician and natural philosopher Archimedes, who was born here in 287 BC.
Ares, shown on the obverse of this coin wearing a crested helmet, was the Greek God of War. He was one of the Twelve Olympians and the son of Zeus and Hera. In Greek literature, he embodied the physical valor necessary for success in war, although he was known as a dangerous force. Ares was the well known lover of the most beautiful Goddess Aphrodite. Two of his son's with Aphrodite, Fear (Phobos) and Terror (Deimos) would accompany Ares on his battle chariot. The counterpart of Ares among the Roman Gods is Mars, who was revered as a father of the Roman people.
Nike, shown on the reverse, was the Goddess of strength, speed, and victory. She would fly around the battlefields rewarding the victors with glory and fame.