Description:During the 1500ís to the 1700ís, the great seafaring Catholic nation of Portugal had a global Empire that included possessions in Africa, Asia and South America. At this time, Portugal was one of the world's major economic, political, and cultural powers. Brazil was discovered in the year 1500 by Admiral Pedro Alares Cabral and claimed for Portugal. The Portuguese Empire soon became extremely rich, as they collected more gold from the newly found Brazilian mines over a few decades than Spain took from their possessions in Central and South America in over 400 years. There were also the very productive diamond and precious gemstone mines that kept the royal coffers full.
These gold coins were was minted in Lisbon during the reign of John V, who at the age of 17, succeeded his father Peter II in 1707 as the King of Portugal. With this endless supply of money, John developed Portugal's economy, bought great art collections and built magnificent monuments like the Convent of Mafra. The obverse side of these coins show a Jerusalem cross and the reverse depicts a crowned coat of arms. This type of gold coin was not produced in very large quantities and was used as a trade coin at the time.