Description:These 4th century BC coins were minted in the name of King Philip II in the city of Amphipolis. This ancient Greek city, near the Aegean Sea in Macedonia, was founded in 436 BC by the Athenians to help protect their rich gold and silver mining operations nearby. In 357 BC, Philip II conquered Amphipolis and took control of the mines, which was to be vital funding for his future military campaigns. Philip possessed great military skills and he introduced the phalanx infantry corps, which were armed with the famous sarissa, an exceedingly long spear. He conquered many of the Greek city states and he became the undisputed leader of the Greeks. In 336 BC, when Philip was planning the invasion of Persia, he was assassinated. He had laid the foundation for his son, Alexander the Great, who became one of the most successful military commanders of all time conquering much of the known world.
The obverse side of these coins feature a youth on horseback and the reverse shows Apollo “Lord of the Silver Bow”. In Greek mythology, Apollo the patron God of archers was recognized as the God of light and the sun; truth and prophecy; music, poetry, and the arts. He was the son of Zeus and medicine along with healing were often associated with Apollo, as he was seen as a God who had the ability to cure.